1701-1976, Yale Book of Numbers

A Yale Book of Numbers
Historical Statistics of the College and University 1701 - 1976

by George W. Pierson

(This is an online converted version of the book published in 1983.)

See the update of this book, edited by the Office of Institutional Research, A Yale Book of Numbers 1976 - 2000.

Table of Contents

A. Enrollments and Degrees | Read the chapter
A-1 Yale Enrollments 1
Introduction: Some Notes on Student Numbers 2
A-1.1 Statistics of Enrollment, 1701-1812 3
A-1.2 Statistics of Enrollment, 1813-1846 4
A-1.3 Statistics of Enrollment, 1847-1868 6
A-1.4 Statistics of Enrollment, 1869-1891 7
A-1.5 Statistics of Enrollment, 1892-1915 8
A-1.6 Statistics of Enrollment, 1916-1939 9
A-1.7 Statistics of Enrollment, 1940-1954 10
A-1.8 Statistics of Enrollment, 1955-1976 11
A-2 Degrees Awarded at Yale 13
Introduction: The Yardstick of Degrees 14
A-2.1 Degrees in Course and Honorary Degrees, 1702-1738 18
A-2.2 Degrees in Course and Honorary Degrees, 1739-1777 19
A-2.3 Degrees in Course and Honorary Degrees, 1778-1816 20
A-2.4 Degrees in Course and Honorary Degrees, 1817-1851 21
A-2.5 Degrees in Course and Honorary Degrees, 1852-1871 22
A-2.6 Degrees in Course, 1872-1899 23
A-2.7 Honorary Degrees, 1872-1899 24
A-2.8 Degrees in Course, 1900-1921 25
A-2.9 Honorary Degrees, 1900-1921 26
A-2.10 Degrees in Course, 1922-1950 27
A-2.11 Honorary Degrees, 1922-1950 28
A-2.12 Degrees in Course, 1951-1976 29
A-2.13 Honorary Degrees, 1951-1976 31
A-2.14 Certificates, 1918-1950 32
A-2.15 Certificates, 1951-1976 33
A-3 Perspectives on Growth in Enrollment 35
Introduction: On the Repercussions of National Events 36
A-3.1 (graph) Enrollment at Yale through Wars and Depressions, 1701-1951 37
A-3.2 (graph) Changing Rates of Growth 38
A-4 Comparative Enrollments :Yale Schools and Departments 41
Introduction: The Inner Balance 42
A-4.1 (graph) College to University: The Development In America of Higher Learning and Professional Skills - as Reflected in Student Enrollment at Yale, 1726-1975 43
A-4.2 (graph) Composition of the University: The Growing Balance Between Undergraduates and Graduate or Professional Students, 1875-1975 44
A-4.3 (graph) Rise of the Graduate School: Its Percentage Share in Yale's Non-undergraduate Population, 1875-1975 45
A-5 Comparative Enrollments: Yale and the Nation 47
Introduction: Yale's Share of the Population 48
A-5.1 Ratio of Yale Enrollment to U.S. Population, 1710-1970 49
A-5.2 (pictogram) Ratio of Yale Enrollment to U.S. Population, 1710-1975 50
A-5.3 Ratio of Yale Enrollment to Enrollment in Higher Education, 1869-1974 51
A-5.4 Major University Enrollments as Percentages of U.S. Students in Higher Education, 1900-1974 52
A-5.5 (graph) Enrollment Trends in 13 Colleges and Universities, 1860-1970 53
A-5.6 Yale-Harvard Shares in College-Educated Population Over 25, 1940-1975 54
A-6 Comparative Regional Drawing Power of Yale's Schools 57
Introduction: The Local/National Status of Yale's Schools 58
A-6.1 (graph) Local/National Status of Yale's Schools, 1886-1946 60
A-6.2 (graph) Local/National Status of Yale's Schools, 1969-1970 61
A-6.3 (table) Local/National Status of Yale's Schools, 1969-1970 62

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B. The Students | Read the chapter
B-1 Geographic Backgrounds 65
Introduction: Sources of the Student Supply 66
B-1.1 Regional Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1702-1799 67
B-1.2 Regional Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1800-1861 69
B-1.3 Regional Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1865-1915 70
B-1.4 Regional Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1919-1976 71
B-1.5 Yale's Feeder States, Percentage of Students from 15 States and Abroad, 1899-1976 73
B-1.6 (graph) Yale's Feeder States, Major Groups, 1899-1976 74
B-1.7 State Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1899-1917 75
B-1.8 State Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1918-1942 76
B-1.9 State Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1946-1956 77
B-1.10 State Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1957-1968 78
B-1.11 State Origins of the Students and Fellows of Yale University, 1969-1976 79
B1.12 Comparative Student Origins: Selected Eastern Universities 80
B-2 Family Backgrounds: Yale College 83
Introduction: New Blood and Old 84
B-2.1 Fathers and Sons: Yale Graduates Whose Fathers were Yale Graduates, 1702-1971 85
B-2.2 Yale Sons in Freshman Classes, 1920-1957 87
B-2.3 Yale Sons - and Daughters - In Freshman Classes, 1958-1975 88
B-2.4 (graph) Yale College Sons - and Daughters - as percentage of Class Enrollments, 1702-1975 89
B-3 Admissions: Yale College 91
Introduction: Retrospect on Yale College Admissions 92
B-3.1 Freshman Admissions, 1909-1919, Freshman Classes Analyzed According to Origins arid Training 94
B-3.2 Freshman Admissions, 1920-1936, Freshman Classes Analyzed According to Origins and Training 95
B-3.3 Freshman Admissions, 1937-1952, Freshman Classes Analyzed According to Origins and Training 96
B-3.4 Freshman Admissions, 1953-1964, Freshman Classes Analyzed According to Origins and Training 98
B-3.5 Freshman Admissions, 1965-1975, Freshman Classes Analyzed According to Origins and Training 99
B-3.6 College Board Scholastic Aptitude Mean Scores, 1941-1975 101
B-3.7 College Board Scholastic Aptitude Percentile Scores, 1957-1975 102
B-4 Vital Statistics: Yale College 105
Introduction: From Boys to Men 106
B-4.1 Yale College: Age Distribution at Graduation by Decades, 1702-1815 107
B-4.2 (graph) Characteristic Age Profiles at Graduation, 1702-1860 108
B-4.3 Yale College: Average and Medium Ages at Graduation, 1816-1860 109
B-4.4 Age Distribution at Graduation by Classes: Numbers of Whole Classes in Each Age Group, 1935-1959 110
B-4.5 Age Distribution at Graduation by Generations, 1835-39 to 1855-59, Summary to Show % of Each Generation In Each Age Group 111
B-4.6 (graph) Age Distribution at Graduation: The Changing Profile, 1835-1859 112
B-4.7 Yale College: Average and Median Ages at Graduation, 1861-1886 113
B-4.8 Yale College: Average and Median Ages at Graduation, 1887-1967 114
B-4.9 (graph) Average and Median Ages at Graduation, 1701-1967 115
B-4.10 Epilogue: On the Heft and Height of Yale Freshmen 117
B-4.11 Freshman of Yale University: Vital Statistics: Records showing the average age, weight, height and % of students over six feet for the entering classes, 1883-1967 118
B-5 Housing 123
Introduction: On the Housing of Yale Students 124
B-5.1 Percentage of Undergraduates Housed in University Dormitories, 1850-1916 126
B-5.2 Percentage of Undergraduates Housed in University Dormitories, 1920-1947 127
B-5.3 Percentage of Undergraduates Housed in University Dormitories, 1950-1976 128
B-6 Student Academic Mortality 131
Introduction: Survival Rates or Trends in Academic Mortality 132
B-6.1 Yale College Survival Rates, Classes of 1876 to 1910 134
B-6.2 Yale College Survival Rates, Classes of 1911 to 1949 135
B-6.3 Yale College Survival Rates, Classes of 1950 to 1975 136
B-7 Sheffield Scientific School and School of Engineering 139
Introduction: On the Rise and Decline of Engineering 140
B-7.1 Sheffield Scientific School: Distribution of Graduates by Course Programs, 1852-1922 142
B-7.2 Sheffield Scientific School: Distribution of Graduates by Course Programs, 1923-1932 144
B-7.3 School of Engineering and Sheffield Scientific School: Distribution of Graduates by Course Programs, 1933-1962 145
B-8 Graduate Students: The 1967 Survey and Recent Statistics 149
Introduction: "The Yale Graduate School Alumni: An Overview" 150
B-8.1 Number of Degree Recipients Presumed Living in 1967 (by Divisions and Departments) 151
B-8.2 Year of Receipt of Degree by Alumni in 1967 (by Decades) 152
B-8.3 Undergraduate Colleges of Degree Recipients Responding to 1967 Alumni Questionnaire 154
B-8.4 Employment of Degree Recipients Responding to 1967 Alumni Questionnaire 155
B-8.5 Publication by Ph.D. Recipients Responding to 1967 Alumni Questionnaire 156
B-8.6 Women Degree Recipients as a Percent of Total by Year of Graduate School Degree (by Decades) 156
B-8.7 Total Fall Registration by Divisions and Departments, 1947-1976 158
B-8.8 Ph.D. Degrees Awarded by Departments, 1931-1976 160
B-8.9 Sources of Graduate School Enrollment, 1960-1976, Institutions Represented by Ten or More Undergraduate Degree Holders 162
B-9 Women Ph.D.s from Yale 167
Introduction: Women Ph.D.s: An Uneven Story 168
B-9.1 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, and Total Ph.D.s, 1892-1960 169
B-9.2 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, 1892-1960:
          Yearly Awards by Departments 1894-1928
170
           Yearly Awards by Departments 1929-1960 171
B-9.3 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, and Total Ph.D.s, 1892-1960: Cumulative Totals by Department 173
B-9.4 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, 1892-1960: By Institution Where They Received Their Undergraduate Education 174
B-9.5 Women Ph.D.s From Yale and Total Ph.D.s. 1961-1974 176
B-9.6 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, 1961-1974: Yearly Awards by Departments 177
B-9.7 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, and Total Ph.D.s, 1961-1974: Cumulative Totals by Department 178
B-9.8 Women Ph.D.s from Yale, 1961-1974: By Institution Where They Received Their Undergraduate Education 179
B-10 Foreign and Post-Doctoral Students 181
Introduction: Two Kinds of Talent Flow 182
B-10.1 Brain Drain to the U.S. (As Indicated by the Graduate School Degree Recipients Responding to the 1967 Alumni Questionnaire) 183
B-10.2 Comparative Enrollments of Post-Doctoral Students in U.S. Universities, 1966-67 184
B-11 Professional Students and Studies 185
Introduction: Professional Students - A Study of Origins and Destinations 186
B-11.1 Advanced Degrees Taken by Yale B.A.s, 1871-1916 187
B-11.2 Where Yale Undergraduates Took Their Law Degrees, 1871-1916 188
B-11.3 Where Yale Undergraduates Took Their Medical Degrees, 1871-1916 189
B-11.4 Advanced Degrees Taken by Yale Graduates in the Class of 1920 191
B-11.5 Advanced Degrees Taken by Yale Graduates in the Class of 1930 192
B-11.6 Advanced Degrees Taken by Yale Graduates in the Class of 1941 193
B-11.7 Advanced Degrees Taken by Yale Graduates in the Class of 1955 194
B-11.8 Advanced Degrees Taken by Yale Graduates in the Class of 1964 195
B-11.9 Prior Education of Yale Law School Students, 1871-1916 197
B-11.10 Prior Education of Yale Medical School Students, 1871-1916 198
B-11.11 Prior Education of Yale Divinity School Students, 1871-1916 199
B-11.12 Prior Education of Yale Law School Students, 1920-1975 200
B-11.13 Prior Education of Yale Medical School Students, 1920-1975 201
B-11.14 Prior Education of Yale Divinity School Students, 1920-1975 202

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C. Undergraduate Studies: Yale College | Read the chapter
C-1 The Course of Study 205
Introduction: From the Classical Curriculum to Modern Diversity 206
C-1.1 Concerning Scholastic Exercises, 1774 209
C-1.2 Of the Course of Academic Literature and Instruction in the College, 1795 212
C-1.3 Course of Instruction, 1822-23 214
C-1.4 Course of Instruction, 1823-43 216
C-1.5 Course of Instruction, 1850-51 217
C-1.6 Course of Instruction, 1860-61 222
C-1.7 Course of Instruction, 1870-71 225
C-1.8 Course of Instruction, 1875-76 227
C-1.9 Course of Instruction, 1876-77 229
C-1.10 The Old Course of Instruction, 1875-76 232
C-1.11 Course of Instruction with Optionals, 1876-77 233
C-1.12 Course of Instruction with Electives, 1885-86 234
C-1.13 Course of Instruction under Dwight, 1894-99 235
C-1.14 Increase of Upperclass Elective Offerings 236
C-1.15 "Classified" Electives, 1901-03 237
C-1.16 Regulated Electives: the Second Phase, 1903-08 238
C-1.17 Group Programs for Lowerclassmen, 1911-14 239
C-1.18 Course of Study. 1925-26 240
C-1.19 Course of Study, 1939-40 243
C-1.20 (graph and table) Distribution of Studies, 1884-1944 246
C-1.21 Course of Study, 1945-46-47 248
C-1.22 Course of Study, 1965-66 252
C-1.23 Course of Study, 1966-67 254
C-1.24 Some Modifications of 1972-73 257
C-2 Expansion of the Course Offerings 259
Introduction: Some Factors in the Growth of the Intellectual Opportunities 260
C-2.1 Course of Study Growth: Yale College, 1875-1938 261
C-2.2 Course of Study Growth: Yale College, 1947-1972 262
C-3 Undergraduate Choice of Studies 265
Introductions What Did the Students Study? 266
C-3.1 Share of Each Department in the College Education of the Classes of 1886-1899 267
C-3.2 Distribution of Undergraduate Attention Between the Fields of Study, 1901-1920 269
C-3.3 Distribution of Study Hours in the Common Freshman Year, 1920-1937 270
C-3.4 Distribution of Undergraduate Attention Between the Fields of Study, 1920-1937 271
C-3.5 Distribution of Undergraduate Attention Between the Fields of Study, 1950-51, 1955-56, 1961-62 272
C-3.6 Distribution of Undergraduate Attention Between the Fields of Study, 1963-64 to 1970-71 274
C-3.7 Distribution of Undergraduate Attention Between the Fields of Study, 1971-72 to 1975-76 276
C-3.8 Rise and Fall of the Fields of Study in Yale College 278
C-3.9 (graph) Student Emphasis on the Humanities, the Social Sciences and the Sciences, 1886-1976 280
C-4 Majors 283
Introduction: Of Majors 284
C-4.1 Election of Majors by Seniors in Yale College, 1902-1942 287
C-4.2 Election of Majors by Seniors in Yale College, 1946-1952 288
C-4.3 Election of Majors by Seniors in Yale College, 1953-1965 289
C-4.4 Election of Majors by Seniors in Yale College, 1966-1971 290
C-4.5 Election of Majors by Seniors in Yale College, 1972-1976 292
C-4.6 (graph) Most Popular Majors in Yale College, 1921-1976 294
C-5 Honors 297
Introduction: The Role of Honors 298
C-5.1 Special Honors Awards, 1886-1916 300
C-5.2 Departmental Honors, 1917-1942 301
C-5.3 Departmental Honors, 1943-1952 302
C-5.4 Departmental Honors, 1953-1965 303
C-5.5 Departmental Honors, 1966-1971 304
C-5.6 Departmental Honors, 1972-1976 306
C-6 Grades 309
Introduction: Notes on Yale Grading Systems and Passing Standards 310
C-6.1 (photo) Rules Respecting Averages, 1837 311
C-6.2 (photo) Exercises and Honors at Commencement, 1848 316
C-6.3 (photo) A Grade Book of 1906 320
C-6.4 Grading System in Yale College: a Chronological Chart 322
C-6.5 Undergraduate Grading Systems, 1902-1967 327
C-6.6 Highest Stand Students in Yale College 332
C-7 The Academic Calendar 337
C-7.1 The Academic Calendar, 1822-1976 338

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D. Faculty | Read the chapter
D-1 Growth of the Faculty of Yale College 341
Introduction: The Size and Shape Of the College Faculty 342
D-1.1 Growth of the Faculty: Yale College, 1701-1865 343
D-1.2 Growth of the Faculty: Yale College, 1865-1921 350
D-1.3 Growth of the Faculty: Yale College, 1925-1963 352
D-1.4 Total Membership of the Yale College Faculty, 1963-1976 356
D-1.5 Growth of the Faculty Teaching In Yale College, 1901-02 to 1970-71 357
D-1.6 Arts and Sciences Faculty: Numbers and Rank Distribution, 1962-1976 358
D-1.7 Comparative Numerical View of the Arts and Sciences and the Yale College Faculties, 1962-63 to 1975-76 360
D-1.8 Faculty-Student Ratio in the Arts and Sciences, 1962-1976 362
D-2 Prior Education of the Faculty 363
Introduction: The Breeding of a College Faculty 364
D-2.1 Yale College Faculty Breeding: by Degrees, 1865-66 to 1965-66 366
D-2.2 Yale College Faculty Breeding: by Ranks and Degrees, 1940-1941 368
D-2.3 Yale College Faculty Breeding: by Ranks and Degrees, 1957-1958 369
D-2.4 Yale College Faculty Breeding: by Ranks and Degrees, 1965-66 370
D-2.5 Yale College Faculty Breeding: the U.S. Education of Yale College Faculty by Ranks and Institutions, 1940-1941 372
D-2.6 Yale College Faculty Breeding: the U.S. Education of Yale College Faculty by Ranks and Institutions, 1965-1966 374
D-2.7 Subtable on the U.S. Education of Yale College Faculty, 1965-1966 376
D-3 Rands and Tenures of the Changing Faculty 379
Introduction: Retrospect on the Promotion Ladder 380
D-3.1 Promotion Ladder at Yale, 1875-1950 381
D-3.2 Appointment Record and Promotion Experience of Yale College Faculty, 1957-1958 385
D-3.3 Appointment Record and Promotion Experience of Yale College Faculty, 1965-1966 388
D-3.4 Average Length of Faculty Service: Yale College, 1865-1965 391
D-4 University Faculties: The Professional Schools 393
Introduction: Building the Professional Faculties 394
D-4.1 University Faculties: The Medical School in the 19th Century 395
D-4.2 University Faculties: The Medical School in the 20th Century 396
D-4.3 University Faculties: The Divinity School in the 19th Century 398
D-4.4 University Faculties: The Divinity School in the 20th Century 399
D-4.5 University Faculties: The Law School in the 19th Century 400
D-4.6 University Faculties: The Law School in the 20th Century 401
D-4.7 University Faculties: The Sheffield Scientific School, 1846-1899 404
D-4.8 University Faculties: The Scientific and Engineering Schools, 1900-1962 406
D-4.9 University Faculties: The Art School, 1869-1921 408
D-4.10 University Faculties: Faculties in Fine Arts, 1923-1976 409
D-4.11 University Faculties: The Department and School of Drama, 1923-1976 411
D-4.12 University Faculties: The School of Music, 1894-1941 412
D-4.13 University Faculties: The School of Music, 1946-1976 413
D-4.14 University Faculties: The School of Forestry, 1900-1931 414
D-4.15 University Faculties: The School of Forestry, 1935-1976 416
D-4.16 University Faculties: The School of Nursing, 1923-1952 417
D-4.17 University Faculties: The School of Nursing, 1957-1976 419
D-4.18 University Faculties: The Graduate School, 1887-1976 420
D-4.19 (graph) The University Faculties in 1900 and in 1976 423
D-5 Some Strands of Continuity 427
Introduction: Carriers of the Word 428
D-5.1 Rectors and Presidents 430
D-5.2 Fellows of the Corporation 432
D-5.3 Notable Faculty Tenures (Since 1800) 435

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E. Alumni | Read the chapter
E-1 Tables of Graduates and Non-Graduates 437
Introduction: The Living and the Dead 438
E-1.1 Yale Graduates: Living and Dead at Presidential Intervals, 1702-1795 439
E-1.2 Yale Graduates: Living and Dead at Presidential Intervals, 1817-1899 440
E-1.3 Yale University Alumni: Graduates and Other Alumni, 1920-1967 444
E-1.4 Summary: The Yale Constituencies, 1707-1967 450
E-1.5 (graph) Graduates, Living and Dead 451
E-2 Geographic Distribution of Graduates and Alumni 453
Introduction: Alumni Destinations, Old and New 454
E-2.1 Geographic Distribution of Yale Graduates, Classes of 1702-1815 455
E-2.2 Geographic Distribution of Living Graduates in 1872 (Yale College Classes of 1796-1871) 456
E-2.3 Distribution of Living Yale Alumni by States: 1901-1968 460
E-2.4 Regional Distribution of Living Yale Alumni: 1901-1968 462
E-3 National Comparisions 465
Introduction: Comparative Regional Distributions of College Alumni 466
E-3.1 Geographical Density of Living Yale Alumni 468
E-3.2 Alumni Regional Distributions: Selected Eastern Universities 470
E-3.3 Comparative Density: Yale Alumni vs. All U.S. Alumni, 1936, 1956, 1962 471
E-4 Occupations 473
Introduction: Preparation/Performance - What Did They Do? 474
E-4.1 Dexter's Major Occupations of Yale Graduates, 1702-1815 476
E-4.2 Occupational Distribution of Yale Graduates, 1702-1886 477
E-4.3 (graph) Occupational Trends of Yale Phi Beta Kappa Members, 1780-1959 478
E-4.4 Occupational Distribution of Yale University Graduates, 1702-1904 480
E-4.5 Occupational Distribution of Living Graduates of Yale University, 1904 481
E-4.6 1904 Occupational Distribution of Living Graduates of Yale College and Sheffield Scientific School, by classes 482
E-4.7 Occupational Distribution of Living Yale University Alumni in 1926 486
E-4.8 Occupational Distribution of Living Yale University Alumni in 1936 488
E-4.9 Changing Occupational Distribution of Living Yale University Alumni, 1904-1926-1936 490
E-4.10 Changing Occupational Distribution of Graduates of Yale College, 1904, 1914, 1923, 1932 491
E-4.11 Comparative Occupational Distribution of Yale College Graduates in 1936 492
E-4.12 Occupational Distribution of Living Alumni of Yale University: Graduates of 1927, 20 Years After 493
E-4.13 Occupational Distribution of Four Depression Classes 25-30 Years Later 494
E-4.14 Occupational Distribution of Living Yale Alumni in 1979 496
E-4.15 (graph) Decline of the Ministry, Rise of the Law 500
E-4.16 (graph) Changing Occupational Distribution of Living Alumni of the Undergraduate Schools, 1904-1979 501
E-5 Vital Statistics 503
Introduction: The Length of Yale Lives 504
E-5.1 Dexter's Mortality Tables for the Classes 1702-1791 506
E-5.2 Life Spans After Graduation: For Yale College Classes of 1816-20, 1836-40, 1856-60, 1871-75 509
E-5.3 Proportion of Graduates Married in Different Periods, by Occupation, 1702-1886 512
E-5.4 Average Age at Marriage of Yale College Graduates, 1702-1886 513

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F. Finances | Read the chapter
F-1 Elements of Yale's Early Finances 515
Introduction: Yale's Three-Legged Stool 516
F-1.1 Receipts of the College, 1701-1789 518
F-1.2 Tuition and Other Student Charges, 1701-1787 524
F-1.3 Salaries and Expenditures, 1701-1786 526
F-1.4 College Receipts and Endowments in the Early Republic, 1789-1832 532
F-1.5 Tuition and Other Student Charges, 1787-1833 536
F-1.6 Faculty Salaries, 1786-1832 538
F-1.7 Treasurer's Report of 1830-31 540
F-2 From College to University 543
Introduction: 1830-1915-1967: The Two Centuries in Retrospect 544
F-2.1 Income and Expense Accounts, by Department and School, 1830-1915 546
F-2.2 Permanent Funds of Yale University, 1830-1975 548
F-2.3 Buildings, 1701-1900 552
F-2.4 New Buildings and Plant Values, 1900-1942 556
F-2.5 Building Construction and Renovation Costs, 1950-1976 572
F-2.6 Tuition and Other Undergraduate Costs, 1833-1886 574
F-2.7 Tuition and Other Undergraduate Costs, 1886-1918 577
F-2.8 Professional School Tuitions and Other Student Costs, 1860-1918 580
F-2.9 Tuitions and Other Student Costs, 1919-1976 588
F-2.10 Faculty Salaries, 1832-1919 599
F-2.11 Faculty Salaries, 1920-1958 604
F-2.12 Faculty Salaries, 1958-1980 608
F-2.13 Alumni University Fund, 1891-1976 610
F-2.14 Endowment Funds, 1946-1980 613
F-2.15 University Income and Expense Accounts, by Categories, 1900-1975 614
F-2.16 (graph) Shifts Among the Major Categories of Costs, 1899-1976 616
F-2.17 (graph) Shifts Among the Major Categories of Income, 1899-1976 617
F-2.18 Receipts and Expenditures, Surplus or Deficit, 1946- 1980 618
F-3 Growth of Yale Library 621
Introduction: The Capital of Books 622
F-3.1 Growth of Yale Library, 1701-1922 624